The Benefits of Eating a Balanced Diet: A Guide to Healthier Eating Habits

by Nicole Abigail
The Benefits of Eating a Balanced Diet: A Guide to Healthier Eating Habits

A balanced diet is part of a healthy lifestyle and is the key to improving your overall health and wellbeing. Eating the right kinds of food is essential for maintaining health and can even help with weight loss. Here is a guide to the benefits of eating a balanced diet and some tips on how to start developing healthier eating habits.

The Benefits of Eating a Balanced Diet

A balanced diet can provide many health benefits, such as:

  • stronger immunity: Eating a balanced diet provides important vitamins and minerals that can boost your immune system and improve your overall health.
  • reduce risk of chronic diseases: Eating a healthy, balanced diet can help reduce your risk of developing chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some forms of cancer.
  • balanced weight: Eating a balanced diet not only helps maintain a healthy weight, it can also help improve your overall body composition.
  • energy boost: Eating a balanced diet will give you more energy throughout the day and help you stay alert and focused.

How to Eat a Balanced Diet?

Eating a balanced diet can be tricky but with a few simple steps you can start making healthier food choices:

  • Eat a variety of whole, unprocessed foods such as fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and seeds.
  • Eat in moderation. Avoid over-eating and try to eat smaller meals throughout the day.
  • Drink plenty of water. Staying hydrated is important for overall health and adding flavour to your meals such as tea and water-based drinks.
  • Avoid processed foods, such as junk food and fast food, which are usually high in unhealthy fats and added sugars.
  • Reduce your intake of refined sugars, such as those found in sweets and sugary drinks.
  • Include healthy fats in your diet, such as olive oil, nuts, and avocados.


Eating a balanced diet is essential for maintaining good health and can even help with weight loss. With some simple steps, you can start to develop healthier eating habits and enjoy the many benefits of a balanced diet.

What are some examples of a balanced diet?

-Grains: oats, quinoa, buckwheat, and barley

-Fruits and vegetables: a variety of different colored fruits and vegetables including leafy greens, berries, apples, bananas, oranges, and root vegetables

-Protein: lean meats such as chicken and turkey, fish, eggs, legumes, nuts, and seeds

-Dairy: plain yogurt, cheese, and milk

-Healthy fats: olive oil, avocado, and nuts

-Water: at least 8 glasses of water daily

What foods should be included in a balanced diet?

A balanced diet should include a wide variety of foods from the five major food groups: fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and dairy. Additionally, healthy fats such as canola oil, avocado, nuts, and seeds should comprise a small fraction of the diet. Fruits and vegetables are excellent sources of essential vitamins and minerals, while grains provide important carbohydrates and fiber. Protein helps build and maintain muscle and is found in eggs, dairy, legumes, and lean meats. Dairy products are excellent sources of calcium. Lastly, foods containing omega-3 fatty acids like salmon and walnuts provide important anti-inflammatory benefits.

What vitamins and minerals should I include in my balanced diet?

In general, a balanced diet should include all of the essential vitamins and minerals. This includes:

Vitamins: A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, D, E, K

Minerals: calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorous, potassium, selenium, sodium, zinc.

These vitamins and minerals are all essential for maintaining healthy bodily functions and can be found in a variety of different foods, including fruits, vegetables, grains, proteins, and dairy. Additionally, it’s important to ensure that you are getting enough of each of these vitamins and minerals to ensure that you are consuming a balanced diet.

What is the daily recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamins and minerals?

The exact daily recommended dietary intake (RDA) for vitamins and minerals varies depending on age, gender, and health status. It is recommended that adults meet the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of vitamins and minerals established by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Generally, the RDA of most vitamins and minerals is around 400 to 600 mg per day for adults.

What vitamins and minerals should I take daily according to the RDA?

The US Department of Agriculture’s Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for vitamins and minerals for adults is as follows:

Vitamin A: 700–900 mcg/day

Vitamin B6: 1.3–1.7 mg/day

Vitamin B12: 2.4 mcg/day

Vitamin C: 75–90 mg/day

Vitamin D: 5–20 mcg/day

Vitamin E: 15 mg/day

Calcium: 1000–1200 mg/day

Magnesium: 310–320 mg/day

Zinc: 8-11 mg/day

Iron: 8–18 mg/day

Iodine: 150 mcg/day

Selenium: 55 mcg/day .

What is the recommended daily allowance of vitamins and minerals?

The recommended daily allowance ( RDA ) of vitamins and minerals varies from person to person, depending on age, sex, and other variables. Generally, adults should aim to consume the following levels, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH):

•Vitamin A: 700-900 mcg

•Vitamin C: 75-90 mg

•Vitamin D: 15 mcg

•Vitamin E: 15 mg

•Vitamin K: 120 mcg

•Calcium: 1000 mg

•Magnesium: 400-420 mg

•Iron: 8-18 mg

•Zinc: 11-13 mg

•Selenium: 55 mcg

You may also like