Feed Your Body Right: Essential Nutrients for Optimal Health

by Nicole Abigail
Feed Your Body Right: Essential Nutrients for Optimal Health

Good nutrition is essential for living a healthy and active lifestyle. Eating the right foods not only helps you maintain a healthy weight; it also keeps your immune system strong and provides you with energy throughout the day. But understanding the best foods to feed your body and the nutrients it needs for optimal health can be challenging. This article will cover the essential nutrients for overall health.


Protein is one of the most important nutrients for the body. It is found in foods like meat, fish, dairy, eggs, nuts, and legumes and is essential for maintaining and repairing the cells in your body. Protein helps to build and repair muscle, strengthens hair and nails, and boosts immunity.


Fats are not all unhealthy. They are an important part of a balanced diet and help the body absorb vitamins and minerals. Fats also play a role in cell growth and energy production as well as regulating hormones. Healthy sources of fats include avocado, salmon, nuts, and olive oil.


Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy and are found in grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy. They help keep blood sugar levels stable and provide energy for performing daily activities. It’s important to choose complex carbohydrates like oats, whole-grain bread, and brown rice over refined carbohydrates such as sugar and white bread.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are essential for a healthy body. They help to boost the immune system, promote healthy skin and bones, promote cell growth and energy production, and help the body to assimilate fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. Foods such as spinach, broccoli, berries, oysters, and yoghurt are excellent sources of vitamins and minerals.


Fibre is an important nutrient for optimal health. It helps to keep digestion running smoothly and reduces the risk of heart disease, diabetes, and some types of cancer. High-fibre foods include beans, legumes, whole grains, nuts, and fruits.


Finally, water is essential for keeping the body hydrated and functioning properly. It helps to flush toxins from the body, regulates body temperature, and helps to transport nutrients throughout the body. Water should make up about 60% of the body’s total weight, so it’s important to stay hydrated throughout the day.


To maintain optimal health, your body needs an array of nutrients, including protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, fibre, and water. Eating a balanced diet with a variety of healthy foods is key to ensuring your body gets all the nutrients it needs. Foods such as lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and healthy fats are all great sources of essential nutrients. If you have any questions about nutrition or would like personalised advice, it’s a good idea to speak to your doctor or a registered dietitian.

By respecting and nourishing your body with the necessary nutrients, you can be sure that you’re taking all the essential steps for optimal health and wellbeing.

What types of foods are important for optimal health?

• Whole grains: oats, barley, brown rice, quinoa, etc.

• Fruits and vegetables: dark green leafy vegetables, cruciferous vegetables, root vegetables, citrus fruits, berry fruits, etc.

• Healthy fats: extra-virgin olive oil, avocado, nuts and seeds, fatty fish, etc.

• Lean proteins: chicken, turkey, fish, tofu, lentils, beans, etc.

• Dairy: low-fat yogurt, low-fat cheese, etc.

• Plant-based proteins: nuts, seeds, legumes, and other plant based proteins.

• Plant-based fats: avocados, nuts, and seeds.

• Water: stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day.

What foods should I avoid for optimal health?

-Processed sugars and artificial sweeteners

-Highly processed oils and trans fats

-Artificial additives and preservatives

-Fried foods

-Refined grains and white flour

-Saturated and hydrogenated fats

-Processed meats such as hot dogs and sausages

-Excessive amounts of unhealthy salts and sodium

-Alcohol and sugary drinks

-Highly processed snack foods.

What are some of the most unhealthy foods to eat?

1. Fried foods

2. Processed meats (e.g. hot dogs, bacon, sausage, etc.)

3. High-sugar foods (e.g. pastries, candy, etc.)

4. Refined carbohydrates (e.g. white bread, white rice, etc.)

5. Fast food (e.g. burgers, fries, etc.)

6. Hydrogenated oils (e.g. margarine, vegetable oil, etc.)

7. High-sodium foods (e.g. pickles, chips, etc.)

8. Pre-packaged snacks (e.g. chips, crackers, etc.)

9. Sugary drinks (e.g. soda, energy drinks, etc.)

10. Fried desserts (e.g. doughnuts, funnel cake, etc.)

What are some examples of highly processed unhealthy foods?

1. French Fries

2. Pre-packaged Snack Cakes

3. Commercial Baked Goods (White Bread, Doughnuts, Crackers, etc.)

4. Fried Chicken

5. Pre-packaged Lunch Meats

6. Sugar-Flavored Cereals

7. Processed Cheeses

8. Canned Soups

9. Microwaveable Meals

10. Flavored Yogurts

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